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Spotting signs of dehydration in older relatives

16 August 2021

Latest News

Written byPhil MacKechnie

Spotting signs of dehydration in older relatives

Dehydration is a common problem among older people and can be fatal if left untreated. Research has found that there is a general reduction in the thirst sensation as you get older, meaning that many people are unaware that they may need to drink more fluids.

Previously we looked at hydration myths and how these are affecting the health of older people. In this article we will explore the symptoms to look out for and what to do if you’re concerned someone may have a hydration issue.

Dehydration symptoms you may see:

Sometimes those experiencing conditions such as dementia or Alzheimer’s may not be able to remember when they last drank water, or even register that they are thirsty at all. This means that occasionally it’s up to others to help achieve healthy drinking and spot the symptoms of dehydration. A bit of extra due diligence could save someone’s life. Here’s what to look out for if you suspect someone may be dehydrated:

  • Dry lips, nose or eyes
  • Confused/sluggish behaviour
  • Nausea/vomiting
  • Rarely using the toilet
  • Prolonged weakness
  • Becoming light headed/faint when standing

Dehydration symptoms you may not see:

Like many illnesses, most of the symptoms are invisible to third parties. This can make things slightly difficult. However, if you deploy a sensitive, diplomatic approach, you may get someone to open up to what they’re experiencing. Here are some of the dehydration symptoms you may not see:

  • Dark urine
  • Muscle cramps
  • Heart palpitations
  • Dry mouth
  • Feeling thirsty
  • Feeling tired

If left untreated, severe dehydration can be serious and can cause seizures, brain damage and even death.

symptoms of dehydration

What you can do:

Radfield believes that the best way to deal with hydration in the long run is to avoid dehydration in the first place. Radfield offers a wide range of nutrition and hydration services, including meal preparation and Radfield care professionals are highly trained and well equipped to help assist older people with their hydration needs.

For some, the fear of not being able to make it to the toilet in time means they don’t drink as much as they should. This is an understandable concern and can be a difficult subject to approach with people. If it applies to someone you know, then gently encourage them to speak to a GP who may be able to help them manage this.

If you believe someone is dehydrated then you need to try and get them to drink fluids. It’s widely recommended that adults drink 6-8 glasses of water per day. However, sometimes people won’t accept that they’re thirsty or refuse to drink water. In this case you’ll again need to deploy some clever tactics to get people to rehydrate:

  • Get them to eat food that is full of water such as tomatoes, melon, or cucumber
  • Make drinking fluids a social thing, offer a cup of tea or coffee
  • Offer drinks during meal times

If symptoms continue despite drinking lots of fluids, it may be time to get some help. NHS UK recommends you first see a pharmacist for treatment before contacting a GP. The pharmacist can provide rehydration solutions to replenish the body’s lost minerals.

If symptoms haven’t improved after rehydration treatment then it’s time to visit the GP or visit A&E if:

  • You’re feeling unusually tired
  • You’re confused or disoriented
  • Any dizziness when you stand up does not go away
  • You have not urinated all day
  • Your pulse is weak or rapid
  • You have seizures

The above could be signs of severe dehydration that need urgent treatment.

If you would like to find out more about Radfield Home Care and how you can join the team, you can visit www.radfieldhomecare.co.uk or contact your local office.

Author

Phil MacKechnie

Phil MacKechnie

Digital Marketing Manager

A digital marketing connoisseur, Phil has worked on complex digital marketing projects for large online businesses.

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